Ukraine has the second-largest HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.1 In 2015, 220,000 people were living with HIV – 100,000 more than in 2010.2 AIDS-related deaths have almost halved over the same period, from 14,000 in 2010 to 7,900 in 2015.3 Annual new HIV infections in the country have risen from 9,500 in 2010 to 16,000 in 20154, although the infection rate slowed in 205, suggesting recent prevention measures are having some effect.
Government and civil society have generally been proactive in responding to HIV and there have been some successes in rolling out antiretroviral treatment (ART) and harm reduction programmes.
Please consult your state law to determine any similarities or differences in definitions.
Traffickers commonly target youth with vulnerabilities including children who have run away, have a history of sexual abuse and/or are currently under the care of the state child welfare system.
And in addition to the kissing, the snouts might have also been useful in building nests and handling their young.
This equates to approximately 310,000 people, of whom 75% are men (232,500) and 25% are women (77,500).10 In 2014, injecting drug use accounted for 24.3% of all new HIV infections in Ukraine.11 A total of 3,449 people were infected with HIV by sharing needles and other injecting equipment in 2015, although encouragingly this figure has halved from 2010, when 6,934 people were infected with HIV through this route.12 In Ukraine, HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs was estimated at around 20% in 2015.13 In 2012 - the most recent data available - HIV prevalence was higher among women who inject drugs (23.6%) than men who inject drugs (20.8%).14 Based on 2011 survey data, only 35.7% of people who inject drugs had tested for HIV in the previous 12 months and 48% had used a condom the last time they had sex.15 Sexual partners of key populations, in particular the partners of people who inject drugs and the clients of female sex workers, are at elevated risk of HIV infection in Ukraine.
In 2015, 9,043 people became infected with HIV through heterosexual sex – roughly the same number as in 2010, when 9,122 people were infected.
Therefore, it’s important to note that it’s easy to be fooled by online dating photos in Ukraine. But, they likely won’t be receptive to the possibility of a one night stand.
It’s just not that kind of culture (more on that later).